Henry III

(1551-1589) (Henri III)
   Born at Fontainebleau, the third son of henry II and Catherine de' medici, Henry III was the last of the valois kings. His reign was turbulent and, despite his considerable talent and intelligence, he failed to resolve the religious civil wars in France and, in fact, brought the country close to bankruptcy. This may have been due to his indecisive nature or to the great influence his favorites and lovers (the duke of épernon and the duke of joyeuse) had over him. Henry III was the leader against the huguenots and took part in the victories over them at Jarnac and Moncontour (1569). He assisted his mother in planning the SAINT BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY MASSACRE in 1572, and the next year, through her influence, was elected king of Poland. He returned after only one year, however, to succeed his brother, charles ix,to the throne of France. Religious wars continued throughout his reign. In 1576, he issued the Edict of Beaulieu, which granted more privileges to the Protestants. The Catholics, displeased with the edict, under the leadership of the duke of Guise, formed the holy league and renewed the religious conflict. The war ended in 1577 with the Peace of Bergerac, and Henry dissolved the league after revoking some of the concessions he made to the Protestants. The league was revived in 1584 when, upon the death of the king's younger brother, the legal heir to the French throne became Henry III of Navarre (later Henri iv), a Huguenot, married to King Henry's sister, marguerite de valois. In 1585, when the league forced Henry to exclude Henry of Navarre from the succession and to repeal the privileges granted to the Huguenots, the so-called War of the Three Henrys began: Henry III leading the royalists; Henry, duke de Guise, the league; and Henry of Navarre, the Protestants. The king was defeated at Coutras in 1587 and, in 1588, on the Day of the Barracades, found that the citizens of Paris, led by the duke de Guise, had revolted against him, forcing him to flee the city. Henry III subsequently had the leaders of the house of guise assassinated and allied himself with Henri of Navarre, whom he also declared his successor. Both then became the joint leaders of a Huguenot army. Henry III, however, was assassinated (1589) by a fanatical Dominican friar during the attempt to retake Paris.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry III — may refer to: *Henry III, Duke of Bavaria (940 989) *Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1017 1056) *Henry the Lion, Henry III of Saxony, (1129 1195) *Henry III of England (1207 1272) *Henry III, Margrave of Meissen (1215 1288) *Henry I of Navarre,… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry III — • German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1017 1056) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Henry III     Henry III     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Henry III — Henry III, King (1207 72) the king of England from 1216 until his death. He fought many wars in Europe, and this made him unpopular with the ↑barons (=men of the highest social class) . Led by Simon de Montfort, they fought against him but… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Henry III — 1. 1017 56, king of Germany 1039 56 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1046 56 (son of Conrad II). 2. 1207 72, king of England 1216 72 (son of John). 3. 1551 89, king of France 1574 89 (son of Henry II of France). * * * I born Oct. 1, 1207,… …   Universalium

  • Henry III — noun 1. son of Henry II of France and the last Valois to be king of France (1551 1589) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑King of France • Member Holonyms: ↑Valois 2. son of King John and king of England from 1216 to 1272; his incompetence aroused baronial… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Henry III — Henry the Third, the king of England from October 28th, 1216, to November 16th, 1272 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Henry III. — Heinrich III. (* 1. Oktober 1207, Winchester; † 16. November 1272, Westminster Palast) aus dem Haus Plantagenet ist einer der weniger bekannten Herrscher Großbritanniens trotz seiner langandauernden Herrschaft von 1216 bis 1272. Geboren wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry III — Henri III  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Henri. Henri III est un nom porté par plusieurs souverains et nobles européens : Empereur, rois Henri III,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry III — /ˈhɛnri/ (say henree) noun (Henry of Winchester), 1207–72, king of England 1216–72 (son of John) …   Australian English dictionary

  • HENRY III —    1) king of England from 1216 to 1272, eldest son of King John; succeeded to the throne at the age of nine; during his minority the kingdom was wisely and faithfully served by the Earl of Pembroke and Hubert de Burgh; when he came to years he… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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